A sentence is a grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and a predicate, even if one or the other is implied. It typically begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop. Sentences are used to convey ideas, meaning. They are meant to be constructed in such a way that they convey meaningful ideas.
When connecting ideas in a sentence,
- Use a coordinating conjunction
Coordinating conjunctions are conjunctions that join two grammatical elements of the same status or function. When you want to link two ideas with a second complete sentence, you need a coordinating conjunction. Coordinating conjunctions include: For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So. A mnemonic, FANBOYS, can be used to remember them.
E.g.: Chukwuebuka bought a wristwatch but has no hands.
The youths bought a marble lectern for the church even though the church building was yet to be completed.
I can barely tell if it is day or night.
- Use a comma
A comma (,) is a punctuation mark that represents a slight pause in a sentence or is used to separate words and figures in a list. In this way, when connecting two ideas or more as one in a single sentence, use the comma.
E.g.: I do not like him, nor do I want to talk to him.
Nora came down the path with Biodun, Ugo and Amaka.
- Use a semi-colon
A semi-colon (;) is a punctuation mark used to separate two parts of a sentence that have a relationship with each other in terms of meaning when each part could stand alone as a sentence in its own right. It also can be used to indicate a pause longer than a comma but shorter than a full stop.
If you want to join two separate closely-related ideas but do not want to use a coordinating conjunction (like was done here), you can use a semi-colon.
E.g.: Lara’s cat is so restless; it won’t stop scratching me.
The baby has been crying for a while now; it seems she is hungry.